Fox, Kit

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Physical Characteristics

The kit fox is one of the smallest species of fox in the world. They usually measure between 18 and 21 inches in length (not including the tail), and weigh between 3 and 6 lbs, with males being on the larger side. The coat is typically grey with rusty tones. The fur on their back is almost always darker than the lighter tones on their underbelly.

Habitat & Diet

The kit fox’s range covers most of the southwestern United States down into the northern territories of Mexico. They can be found in areas with lots of sagebrush or other thick desert vegetation as it provides good cover from predators and attracts the small vertebrates they feed on. They are primarily carnivorous predators, but when food is scarce will eat fruits and scavenge meat from dead animals.

Social Behavior

Kit foxes will roam individually, but during mating season will form monogamous pairs through the fall and winter. Both the male and the female take part in raising the pups, of which there will usually be between one and seven in a litter. Pups will become independent and leave the den around 5 months of age.


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Fascinating Facts

    • The kit fox’s large ears not only give it exceptional hearing, but also helps the fox lower it’s body temperature. Pretty handy for an animal that mostly lives in arid desert climates!
    • Kit foxes rarely need to drink, they have a digestive system so efficient that they get the water they need directly from the animals they consume!

Status In The Wild

While some subspecies like the San Joaquin Valley Kit Fox have become endangered, the species as a whole is classified as Least Concern. Due to the disappearance of the grey wolf throughout their range, kit foxes are faced with the danger of over-hunting from their primary predator the coyote. Coyote populations used to be kept in check and dispersed by the presence of wolves, but now have no natural enemy in the Southwest.

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