Male Bengal tigers measure 8 to 10 ft. in length, and can weigh from 440-650 lb. Female Bengal tigers measure from around 8 to almost 9 ft. and weigh around 220 to 400 lb. They have a vibrant, orange coat.
Habitat & Diet
The Bengal tiger is found primarily in India with smaller populations in Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, China and Myanmar. Tigers are powerful nocturnal hunters that travel many miles to find buffalo, deer, wild pigs, and other large mammals. They use their distinctive coats as camouflage (no two have exactly the same stripes). They lie in wait and creep close enough to attack their victims with a quick spring and a fatal pounce. A hungry tiger can eat as much as 60 pounds in one night, though they usually eat less.
Tigers live alone and aggressively scent-mark large territories to keep their rivals away. Females give birth to litters of two to six cubs, which they raise with little or no help from the male. Cubs cannot hunt until they are 18 months old and remain with their mothers for two to three years, when they disperse to find their own territory.
Meet our Residents
- Bengal tigers living in India and are sometimes called Indian tigers. They are the most common tiger and number about half of all wild tigers
- A tiger's roar can be heard as far as 2 miles away.
Status In The Wild
Over the last 100 years, hunting and forest destruction have reduced tiger populations from hundreds of thousands of animals to perhaps fewer than 2,500. Tigers are hunted as trophies, and also for body parts that are used in traditional Chinese medicine. All five remaining tiger subspecies are Endangered, and many protection programs are in place.